Spondylosis is a type of arthritis spurred by wear and tear to the spine. It happens when discs and joints degenerate, when bone spurs grow on the vertebrae, or both. These changes can impair the spine’s movement and affect the nerves and other functions.
The spine helps give the body structure and supports most of its weight. It also carries and protects almost all of the main nerve branches that run from the brain.
The spine curved, not straight, and the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar parts of the spine contain 24 bones known as vertebrae.
Between these vertebrae are joints that allow the spine to move flexibly. These are called the facet joints.
Also, soft, rubbery tissue called inter-vertebral discs separate the vertebrae. These consist of cartilage end-plates and a tough exterior, the annulus fibrosis, surrounding an inner core, the nucleus populous.
Inter-vertebral discs help achieve smooth movement, and they cushion against any impact on the bones.
As a person ages, the discs become drier, thinner, and harder, and they lose some of their cushioning ability.
Common symptoms are stiffness and mild pain that gets worse following certain movements or long periods without moving, while sitting for a long time, for example.
More severe symptoms include:
• a grinding or popping feeling when moving the spine
• weakness in the hands or legs
• poor coordination
• muscle spasms and pain
• loss of balance and difficulty walking
• loss of bladder or bowel control
Daily wear and tear over time is the general cause of spondylosis.
These changes affect people differently, depending on each individual’s risk factors.
Risk factors include:
• having a genetic tendency
• having obesity or being overweight
• having a sedentary lifestyle with a lack of exercise
• having injured the spine or undergone spinal surgery
• having a job that requires repetitive or weight-bearing
movements that involve the spine
• having a mental health condition, such as anxiety or
• Keeping physically active: Low-impact exercise, such as
swimming or walking, can help with maintaining flexibility
and strengthening the muscles that support the spine.
• Improving posture: Slouching, for example, can make the
• Physical therapy: A physical therapist may suggest
specific exercises or massage.
• Back support: A person may need to choose a chair or
mattress that supports their back better.
• Rest during periods of inflammation: When symptoms are
troublesome, try resting for a while.
Medicine for treatment
Duration for treatment
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